Wednesday, October 22, 2014

…Comparing Renee Zellweger’s Past-Physical Appearance to the Present One

Luders Allen

October 22, 2014
© Copyright 2014

On October 20, 2014, Renee Zellweger, actress, producer and voice artist, attended the Elle Women in Hollywood Awards. And since that time she has become the aim of the media in a very critical way. 

Her photos have been appearing on TVs, Newspapers and Social Websites. People have been talking critically about her present look. And users of many social websites have been posting her photos and writing critical comments: by comparing her past-physical appearance to the present one.

People have been making lots of animadversions, in any form, on her present-physical appearance. They find that she does not look as attractive as she used to. Apparently, those people that are making those severe criticisms on her present-physical appearance have a profound misconception about human’s aging process, in life.

As it is commonly known: natural aging process is unavoidable, in an individual’s life span. Meantime, it reduces gradually the strength and physical beauty of that individual. 

As time goes by and that individual is getting older, certain active organs in his or her bodily system become to work slower thereby affect the skin and make it look thinner and drier. This facticity of aging process has slowly taken away that individual’s strength and physical beauty… 

Notwithstanding, there are only two ways to combat the appearance of oldness, i.e., by exercising and eating healthily and also by practicing a medical term, which is called ‘Extrinsic Aging’. 

‘Extrinsic Aging’ means: by taking medications and by going through dermatological surgery or surgeries. Emphatically, practicing ‘Extrinsic Aging’ is very risky. It can result to crippling or death. The best way to go along with natural aging process is by exercising and eating healthily.

The reality is, even though both ways are being practiced, natural aging process is still going to play a dominant role on an individual’s strength and physical beauty. As it is natural and becomes unavoidably, it therefore surpasses human’s ability to manage it. As a result of that, no individual can beat it…

Perhaps, in the case of Renee Zellweger, she may not believe in practicing ‘Extrinsic Aging’ method. Consequently, she prefers to get old naturally (there’s nothing wrong about that and it’s wonderful). 

In addition, she may have been going through personal difficulties or medical issues in her life and these affect her natural aging process quicker. And she has kept her personal matters privately, away from the media…

Stressfully, certain people are carried out natural aging process differently than others. This depends upon their bodily systems and life’s experiences… 

Certain people appear to look much younger than their actual ages, when they are getting old. And certain people appear to look older than their actual ages, when they are getting old.

In fact, it is clearly evident to see and realize how people in the American society (if not in the world) obsess with human’s physical beauty. In the intense term of life, physical beauty is just an illusion. 

For instance, there are so many things, such as accident, infirmity, chronic illness, medical situations and many more that can happen in just seconds to an individual and take away that individual’s physical beauty.

Those people that are making animadversions, in any form, upon Renee Zellweger’s natural aging process (or on any individual’s natural aging process) show no compassion toward life, natural aging process, getting old and or being old…

Life has much more to offer than human’s physical beauty… As stated previously, human’s physical beauty is just a deceptive appearance… 

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Criminal Biases Toward Black People, Especially Black Men

No one in life knows you to a greater extent than 'God', yourself, your family and the few that are close to you... Sometimes, cold-hearted and ignorant individuals have failed out to discover the beauties that are within you. For without any adequate judgment, they prejudge and dehumanize you by all sorts of means.

Don't let individuals' cold-heartedness and ignorance aggravate and reign upon you. If you do, you have just contaminated yourself with harm. Do not ever deviate from the beauties you possess within you, because being the way you are is a gift from 'God'.  Always recollect the real you and be strong. Hence, the 'Almighty God' will pass judgment on your behalf...

                                                                                      Luders Allen 
                                                                                           23 October 2013

Luders Allen

March 10, 2014
© Copyright 2014

Although many Blacks have continued to make progress in the American mainstream and gradual improvement on racial discrimination and race relations continue to be made, however, black people are still the targets of criminal stereotypes in every corner in the American society, especially black men.

The way the American society negatively portrays black people in most social aspects has played important roles that cause Blacks to be the primary targets of criminal stereotypes. A media and law enforcement that are always ready to widely expose the wrongnesses and crimes of Blacks and tactfully and politically expose the wrongnesses and crimes of Whites, of course, these biases toward Blacks are enough to destroy the decencies and ethics of the innocent Blacks that have nothing to do with criminal lifestyles.

Therefore, biases from the media and law enforcement make most people that are not members of the black race view Blacks negatively—even certain black folks. "Black skin has more dehumanizing stereotypes associated with it than any other skin color in America, if not the world" (Steele 43).

Many people believe that black men involve in violent crimes and get arrested for them at greater rates than any other racial groups—even Law Enforcement Crime Statistics supports such bias ("Criminal stereotype of African Americans"). Meantime, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, from 1980 to 2008, 53.3 % of gang crimes were committed by white gang members and the victims were 56.5 % Whites (Azrael).

When the Bureau of Justice Statistics collected homicidal rates from 1980 to 2008, it found that white criminals were more likely to be serial killers, to kill children, elderlies and family members and to commit mass murders at their employment's environments and commit more white-collar crimes (Azrael).

Society portrays young Blacks as heavy drug users and sellers. Meantime, recent studies constantly demonstrate that they are less likely to use and sell drugs than young Whites (Alexander cited in Whitaker). Nevertheless, young Blacks are sentenced for using drugs 10 times more than the rates of young Whites. In addition, they served at least almost 5 years in prison for drug offenses, whereas Whites served 5 years or less in prison for violent offenses ("Criminal Justice Fact Sheet").

Huffington's studies and research reported, 70% of drug users are Whites and 14% are Blacks, whereas Blacks make 74% of the prison system's population for drug offenses. And drug addiction is considered as a disease, according to National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). What is the logical reason behind this: people are punished and served long prison terms for being sick? Meantime, drug addict Whites are less likely to serve prison terms. Instead, they are sent to drug rehabilitation programs. Blacks sent to drug rehabilitation programs after being served their long prison terms.

In the United States, Blacks are profiled, arrested and incarcerated more than white suspects who commit the same offenses ("Criminal Stereotype of African Americans"). In federal prisons, the length time of Blacks' convictions is 60% longer than Whites who commit the same offenses and 20% longer in State prisons ("Criminal Stereotype of African Americans"). Blacks' over charging convictions are due to racial discrimination, according to some academic sources.

Based upon these criminal-stereotyped biases toward Blacks, this is why most white criminals can be judged and perceived as the most trusted individuals in the American society (if it is not in the world). Thereby these mind concepts or beliefs that don't accurately reflect reality, which always create easy ways for criminal Whites to successfully perpetrate and smoothly operate their criminal activities thus take a long time before they get caught, or not caught at all.

Hence, criminals of other races or ethnicities frequently use these forms of criminal stereotypes as scapegoats in order to fabricate or perpetrate their crimes and thereafter accuse Blacks to cover up their crimes or take Blacks as suspects to cover up their crimes, especially black men. These forms of fabrications, perpetrations and conceptions are performed in every environment in the American society.

For instance, on October 25, 1994, Susan Leigh Vaughan Smith, a white South Carolinian, murdered her two sons, by plunging her car into the lake and drowning them inside of it. And thereafter she reported to the Police: a black man carjacked her car and drove away with her two sons (Susan Smith). For about 9 days, she had made mimic acts on national television for the rescue and return of her children. After an intense investigation and nationwide search, on November 3, 1994, she eventually confessed to the Police and let them know that she killed her sons by rolling her car into the lake, while her two sons were inside of the car and drowned (Susan Smith).

Her defense attorneys asserted that she suffered with mental health issues, which somehow impaired her judgment (Susan Smith). Indeed, her defense attorneys were absolutely right. If she were not insane, she would have never reached to a point from which to murder her two children, by one of the most gruesome murders. However, after committing the crimes, her common senses were not impaired to prevent her from fabricating such story (i.e., a black man carjacked her car and drove away with her two sons).

Her action of criminality clearly demonstrated that criminal biases toward Blacks are very serious issues in the American society. Despite being suffered with mental impairment, but this didn't deviate and distract her rationality from fabricating a story, in which accusing a black man carjacked her car along with her two sons, so as to hide her crimes in pretending of being innocent. It is clearly evident that the way the media and law enforcement portray black people negatively, especially black men, inspired her to fabricate such story. In her impairable mind, she already knew 98% of chance people would believe in her fake story.

Another instance, it is clearly evident the arrest of Harvard University Professor, Henry Louis Gate Jr., was based on criminal stereotypes. On July 16, 2009, Professor Gate Jr. arrived home from China, after conducting a research on Yo-Yo Ma for "Faces of America." His house's front door was jammed and could not open. Eventually he decided to enter into the house by the back door. While inside of his house, him and his driver were trying to open the front door, a neighbor saw the activities, called 911 and reported to the Police: two black men were in a process of burglary, in trying to break into a house (Henry Louis Gates Arrest Controversy).

When the Police officer, Sgt. James Crowley, came, he found Professor Gate Jr. inside the house and asked him for his identification. Professor Gate Jr. proceeded on his request by showing to him two identifications: his driver's license and Harvard University Professor ID Card (Henry Louis Gates Arrest Controversy). In addition, the house belongs to Harvard University and Professor Gates Jr. lives/lived there.

Professor Gates Jr. was upset by the scenario and said to the Police officer how come he had failed out to recognize him... His question to the Police officer led into word exchanges... Eventually the Police officer, Sgt James Crowley, arrested him, due to disorderly conduct. In fact, the arrest was needless. He showed to the Police officer two identifications (i.e., his driver's license and Harvard University Professor ID). He had his full right to be upset.

The question that needs to be asked and also required a briefly thorough analysis. How come the Police officer had failed out to recognize Professor Gates Jr., a very well known figure in the American society? He is on television all the times: hosting social studies and race relation documentaries and also wrote many books.

The third instance is, during the year 2013, due to high volumes of shopliftings and credit card frauds at Barneys and Macy's department stores, especially at Barney's, in New York City, Security Personnels said that they had been ordered by administrations to take chances in stopping suspicious customers, even if innocent people found themselves in the intercepting. So such routine security strategy was a part of their jobs.

Somehow, it happened to be all customers who found themselves being the suspects of shopliftings or credit card frauds were Blacks upper, upper middle, middle and working classes, who had nothing to do with criminal lifestyles, after being searched by the Security Personnels and Police Officers or innocently arrested by the Police Officers, among them few famous black musicians and athletes as well (Goodman).

Here are two instances about the suspects of shoplifting and credit card fraud crisis at Barney's (i.e., two young black shoppers at Barney's, Trayon Christian, 19 years old and Kayla Phillips, 21 years old).

On April 28, 2013, Kayla, a Brooklyn resident Nursing student, purchased a handbag at Barney's cost over $2,000.00. She said there were no issues during the paying transaction (Green). After exiting the store on her way home, at the subway station, four NYC Police officers stopped, frisked, searched and detained her (Green). After the police found out the purchase was legitimate, they let her go (Green).

And on April 29, 2013, Trayon was accused of using a fake Chase debit card, after buying a Salvatore Ferragamo belt at Barney's for $350.00 with his Chase debit card. He said, several blocks away on Fifth Avenue, four NYC Police officers stopped him. The Police officers said to him the Chase debit card must have been a fake debit card. The Police handcuffed, arrested and took him to the 19th Precinct. After being held for about two hours, they released him. The Police didn't find any evidence to convict him, because the Chase debit card belonged to him (Goodman).

Currently, Trayon has filed two lawsuits: one against Barney's and the other against NYC Police Department, in State Supreme Court. And Kayla Phillips sues Barney's and New York City Police Department as well.

Criminal biases toward Blacks are genuine in the American society. This is not to say there are not criminal Blacks or an approach to defend, support and tolerate criminal Blacks. Not at all. Of course, there are criminal Blacks and Blacks who commit crimes must be punished, if found guilty before the law. But, when fabricating false information, accusing or taking innocent individuals as suspects of crimes based upon their skinned color (i.e.,black), without having any such concrete evidences, this is what they're so called 'injustice, malevolence, devilish act and racial hoaxes'.

People must understand that criminality is color-blind, when it comes to its perpetrators or practitioners. Members of all races or ethnicities commit crimes. And criminals are not solely found in one particular or specific race or ethnicity, but in all races and ethnicities, without exception...


Azrael, Kush. "White on White Crime More Prevalent than Black on Black." Call & Post. 16 Aug. 2013. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

"Criminal Justice Fact Sheet." NAACP. N.d. N.p., C. 2009--2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

"Criminal Stereotype of African Americans." Wikepedia: The Free Encyclopedia. N.d. N.p., Mod. 16 Jan. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

"DrugFacts: Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction." National Institute on Drug Abuse. N.d. N.p., Rev. Nov. 2012. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

Goodman J, David. "Profiling Complaints by Black Shoppers Followed Changes to Stores’ Security Policies." The New York Times. 29 Oct. 2013. Web. 8 Feb. 2014.

Green, Treye. "Meet Kayla Phillips, Another Barneys Shopper Accused Of Credit Card Fraud For Buying Designer Handbag: Report." International Business Times. 24 Oct. 2013. Web. 3 Feb. 2014.

"Henry Louis Gates Arrest Controversy." Wikepedia: the Free Encyclopedia. N.d. N.p., Mod. 21 Jan. 2014. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.

Huffington, Arianna. "Only 15 Percent of Drug Users Are African-American, Yet 74 Percent of all Drug Offenders Sentenced to Prison Are Black [Arianna Huffington Calls Drug Imprisonment Rates for Blacks Disproportionate]." Tampa Bay Times / 26 July 2009. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.

Steele, Shelby. The Content of Character. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1990. Print.

"Susan Smith." Wikepedia: The Free Encyclopedia. N.d. N.p., Mod. 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 7 Feb. 2014.

Whitaker, Morgan. "Criminal Injustice: The percentage of African-Americans in Prison." MSNBC PoliticsNation with Al Sharpton / Society. 23 Sept. 2013. Web. 9 Feb. 2014.

Becoming Notorious Criminals Because of Poverty, Claiming to Be Revolutionaries or Becoming Notorious Criminals Based on Free Will?

Luders Allen

March 8, 2014
© Copyright 2014

Since after the removal of former President Jean Bertrand Aristide from power, in 2004, Kidnapping for ransom has become the most popular crime in Haiti (now, this crisis is a little bit down due to Haitian authorities that are targeting and hunting the kidnappers). The Duvalierists claim that the kidnappers are Aristide's supporters. Meantime, individuals of all social classes involve in the kidnapping crimes. As the masterminds of such crisis are always the individuals of highly social status and the executioners are ordinary individuals, when the executioners are caught by authorities, as defense, they always claim that their involvements in the kidnapping crimes and some other crimes are due to poverty and against the social system, therefore they have to find a way to survive.

Indeed, poverty is one of the factors, in any society, that propels certain individuals that are lack of strength, self-esteem, integrity, dignity and pride to live criminal lifestyles. However, poverty does not make rational individuals living criminal lifestyles. Rational individuals that live in poverty panhandle, seek for help by any means to change their lives around, become revolutionaries, activists or rebels to bring changes within their societies.

For instance, there are no mistreatments and crimes in human's existence that can be compared to the mistreatments and crimes, which were practiced on the slaves during slavery system, in San Domingo that is now the Republic of Haiti in the West and the Dominican Republic in the East. Lynching, murdering, cutting human's parts alive, burning human's parts or bodies alive, starving to death, beating to death, torturing, beating and hard punishments. All mistreatments and crimes humans can commit on another humans, all of which used to be practiced on the Haitian slaves.

Despite all...they had been through, they didn't steal from their masters, kidnap them for ransom and nor become notorious criminals, nonetheless. Instead they fled in the wood and became maroons (rebels), and transformed into groups, in order to revolt against their masters. Throughout the revolts (revolution), there were times they went out of foods, so they obliged to ate rats, dogs, horses, cats, old leather, grass and anything they could find (James 232).

However, becoming notorious criminals and claiming that it is due to poverty and the corrupt-social system, it is as though urinating and defecating on the faces of the great Haitian heroes that fought and died to give Haiti its independence. As stated previously: calamities and inhuman treatments didn't cause the Haitian slaves becoming notorious criminals nor kidnappers for ransom.

Notorious crimes have become addictions to those criminals, in Haiti. Why? Despite they kidnap their victims and receive ransoms to secure their release, they still take their victims' money, cars, jewels and other important belongings. In the end, they beat, rape, torture and murder them, whom happen to be innocent adults and children. Thereafter, they brag with delight about their crimes.

The nature of their crimes has nothing to do with fighting against neither poverty nor a corrupt-social system. They are a bunch of satans, thugs, gangsters and barbarians that are preying on innocent children and adults, in pretending they are poor and against the corrupt-social system... Those who are against a corrupt system don't act and operate in such a manner...

In fact, crimes are committed in every country. But, in certain countries the crime rates are higher than others. Despite all crimes of kidnappings, carjackings, illegal drug traffikings and homicides that are committed in the Haitian society, Martinique, Cuba and Haiti are the lowest crime rated countries in the Caribbean and also are among the lowest crime rated countries in Americas and in the world (International Homicide Rate).

Notwithstanding Haiti's crime rate is not high, in comparing to the other countries in the region and other countries in the world, but its lowest crime rate is still taken in profound consideration, due to the way it used to be years ago, it was as though a crime-free country. Individuals used to circulate in the country without having any fear of being the victims of any sort of civil citizen on civil citizen crimes.

(From 1958 to 1971, there were politically genocidal crimes committed by the dictatorial regime, Francois Duvalier. From 1971 to 1986, under Jean Claude Duvalier's administration, the son of Francois Duvalier, political crimes continued to be committed and also it was during this period illegal drug trafficking began to emerge. And From 1986 to present, on top of the existing crimes, other crimes began to emerge, such as political gangs, kidnappings and civilian on civilian crimes.)

When a country is in a state of insecurity, it affects all social aspects inside the country. Citizens of such country live in fear, every single day; local and foreign investors are afraid to invest; international humanitarian aids are limited; and foreigners are afraid to come to visit. It is as though indirectly a form of international sanctions on such country...

Haiti can, someday, become a crime-free country again, if the government implements the national police force, investigative force, intelligence force and justice system enforces severe penalties and punishments on notorious criminals.


James, C.L.R. The Black Jacobins. 2nd. Rev. ed. New York: Vintage Books, A Division of Random House, Inc., 1989. Print.

"List of Countries by International Homicide Rate." Wikepedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.d. N.p., Mod. 27 Feb. 2014. Web. 8 Mar. 2014.

Clifford Brandt, the Elitist Mastermind Haitian Kidnapper and Jean Claude Duvalier, the Former Haitian Dictator, Shadowed by the Haitian Media and Justice System.

Luders Allen

March 6, 2014

© Copyright 2014

Haitians within and abroad have been asking themselves these two questions: why do the Haitian Justice and Prison Systems hide the imprisonment lifestyle of Clifford Brandt and the trial of Former President Jean Claude Duvalier, from the media's exposures? And why does the Haitian Justice System only expose to the media the arrests, trials and imprisonments of the subordinate Haitian kidnappers and poor criminals?

Well, these two questions required a clarification on how all Justice Systems in the world functioned. In all countries in the world, crime suspects and convicted criminals of highly social status, when arrested and or sentenced, are always received special treatments and their privacies retained, by the Justice and Prison Systems.

According to the New York City Defense Attorney, Ron Kuby, it is only in the United States crime suspects of highly social status are always received the same standardly humiliated treatments, when held under the authority of law as suspects or if convicted and received hard punishments, as poor and or ordinary criminals (Cited in Long and Hays).

Although the New York City Defense Attorney, Ron Kuby, reported that the United States is the only country upper class, upper middle class, middle class, working class and poor class received the same generally humiliated treatments when arrested and or sentenced, meantime, such countries as China, North Korea and Cuba also apply the same standard policies as the United States (i.e., humiliation and hard punishments) toward crime suspects and convicted criminals, regardless their social status.

Regrettably and disgracefully, corruption and empathy based on individuals' social status dominate most countries' justice systems... Therefore, if Clifford Brandt and Jean Claude Duvalier have been gotten the best treatments and retainable privacies by the Haitian Justice and Prison Systems, while being on trial or convicted, don't be amazed about that because Clifford is one of the elite and wealthy members in the Haitian society and Duvalier is a former Haitian President, with lots of money, power and connections.

The Haitian Judicial system is like a concentric circle. The big time individuals with highly social status, money and power are always the victors or privileges and the poor individuals with low social status, no money and power are always the villains, whether being innocent or guilty. E.g., when Duvalier were on trial, many Haitians thought that he were going to be convicted, if found guilty. How could this be possible? This was impossible (and will still be impossible). The Haitian Justice system would have never ruled against this man.

A second instance, Clifford Brandt imprisoned at the Haitian National Penitentiary, in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti (Peralte). Why does not the Haitian Prison System allow the media to expose him, while being imprisoned? It is said that he is imprisoned, having said that evidence of perceiving with the eyes is never shown. The media never exposes him while he is in prison. A such mastermind behind the top kidnapping gangs, showing him while being sentenced, it would have been a big relief for the relatives of the individuals who were murdered and victimized by his notorious kidnapping gangs.

The late Ti Paris, Haitian musician, poet, composer and singer, has a passage in one of his lyrics that says:

"...Lè gran nèg milat la pete, yo di son gaz li rann. E lè malere-a po nwa pete, yo di se pete li pete e pete-a santi. Lè gran nèg milat la manke on dan devan, yo di son chenèt li genyen devan dan li. E lè malere-a po nwa gon chenèt devan dan li, yo di se mazora li mazora. Lè gran nèg milat la aji mal sosyalman, yo di se plèzi li lap pran. E lè malere-a po nwa aji mal sosyalman ou byen lap pran plèzi li, yo di se mal elve li mal elve, yo kritike li e yo di son ti kochon li ye..."

"When the wealthy Whites and or Mulattoes have farted in the manner of foolishness or aimlessness, people interpret their foolish or aimless farts as audible discharges of intestinal gases. And when the poor Blacks have farted in the manner of foolishness or aimlessness, people interpret their foolish or aimless farts as contemptible gases. When the wealthy Whites and or Mulattoes have missing front teeth, people interpret their missing front teeth as front gap teeth. And when the poor-black-skinned individuals have front gap teeth, people interpret their front gap teeth as missing front teeth. When the wealthy Whites and or Mulattoes are misbehaving socially, people say that they are having fun. And when the poor-black-skinned individuals are misbehaving socially or having fun, people criticize them by saying that they have no social manners and they are a bunch of pigs…"

Firstly, Clifford Brandt is a Haitian elitist and a mulattoe who looks like a white man. Especially when it comes to individualistic status and appearances in the Haitian society, individuals with highly social status, light-skinned and white-skinned complexions always granted certain privileges in all social aspects. Thus he will never get the same humiliated treatments and hard punishments as the poor-black-skinned convicted kidnappers and convicts for other crimes.

Secondly, Jean Claude Duvalier is a former Haitian leader who has lots of money, power and connections within and abroad. The Haitian Justice System would have never ruled agaisnt him, because there are lots of Duvalierists within the Haitian's government and also Martelly-Lamothe's administration (President Marthelly himself is a Duvalieriest, but a moderate one)... Putting Duvalier on trial was a pure demagogy, in order to demonstrate to the relatives of the innocent Haitians who were murdered, victimized and abused by the Duvalier's regimes justice was finally being done on their behalf.

Thirdly, the worst demagogy created by the Haitian Justice System was to put former President Jean Bertrand Aristide on trial. It created a tit-for-tat scenario, in order to give gratification to the Duvalier supporters, the Duvalieriests. As Duvalier was/is prosecuted, since Aristide supporters are the enemies of the Duvaliers and Duvalieriests, in consequence, Aristide must be prosecuted as well...

Putting Aristide on trial was a strategy, so as to prevent from bursting the anger and emotion of the Duvalierists, for putting Duvalier on trial. To put an individual on trial, evidence must be proven. All the crimes Aristide had/has been accused of (i.e., involving in illegal drug trade, stealing Haiti's monetary funds and being the mastermind in the killings of few political opponents), the Haitian Justice System cannot even prove one single evidence of them.

Meantime, the Haitian Justice System has the records of all the crimes, such as murdering political opponents, involving in the drug trade, selling dead human body parts, stealing Haiti's monetary funds and sabotaging Haiti's agricultural sector, Jean Claude Duvaliers had committed during his 15 years dictatorial regime, 1971-1986 (Jean Claude Duvalier). Furthermore, without counting the genocide and other crimes his father, Francois Duvalier, had committed during his regime, from 1958 to 1971.

In such a manner Duvalier's crimes are so obvious nationally and internationally, not too long after his settling in Haiti, Amnesty International (AI) published a report entitled, "You cannot Kill the Truth: The Case Against Jean Claude Duvalier." This report propelled the Haitian authority to bring Duvalier into justice for crimes against Human Rights, during his time in power (The Duvaliers).

Even CIA Factbook has no record or evidence of crimes committed by Aristide. If CIA Factbook, the world greatest intelligence organization, has no record or evidence of crimes committed by a leader, this means such accusation is accurately out of reality, whereas CIA Factbook has all evidence or record of all crimes committed by the Duvalier's regimes.

All the crimes Aristide had/has been accused of were/are the fabrications made by the administrations of the former Presidents Georges W. Bush Jr. of the United States, President Jacques Chirac of France, President Johannes Rau of Germany and Prime Minister Paul Martin of Canada and the Duvalierists to mount infamous reputations and images against him, so as to find a reason to remove him from power.

The reality is, as they say that Clifford Brandt, the elitist mastermind Haitian kidnapper, is imprisoned, if it is true, it would be as though he is on vacation inside of a place against his desire. And in the case of former President Jean Claude Duvalier, due to corruption and empathy based upon social status that exist within the Haitian Justice System, it would have never convicted him, in accord to his status, connection, wealth and power...


"Jean Claude Duvalier." Wikepedia: The Free Encyclopedia. N.d. N.p., Mod. 28 Feb. 2014. Web. 4 Mar. 2014.

Long, Colleen and Hays, Tom. "Devyani case: In US strip-search is standard practice for those arrested." 23 Dec. 2013. Web. 2 Mar. 2014.

Peralte, Thomas. "Deadly attack on the Croix-des-Bouquets Prison and other insecurity." Canada Haiti Action Network. Ed. Haiti Liberte. N.p., 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 6 Mar. 2014.

"The Duvaliers." Moreorless / Heroes and Killers of the 20th Century. N.p., 24 Feb. 2001. Rev. 29 Sept. 2011. Mod. 12 May 2013. Web. 4 Mar. 2014.